Executive Summary

The importance of combating climate change has received stark and unprecedented media coverage recently. The acknowledgement of the urgency and importance of these issues coincides with the availability of a range of cost effective, low risk, technical solutions such as those GGLS have developed and which are embodied in this report.

Having accepted that the world must take measures to both reduce and, eventually, halt climate change, it is essential that we decarbonise our energy supply and transport systems. The latter are predominantly fossil fuel based with the majority of the UK’s energy demand being met by electricity and gas. Gas is by far the larger energy source, averaging two and a half times the usage of electricity and over four times more than the use of electricity in peak times such as during cold dark winter evenings. This enormous scale of gas usage is just one of the reasons why GGLS has focussed its efforts on developing the means to collect, store and transport renewable energy having converted this into gaseous or liquid forms of gas such as biomethane, hydrogen and nitrogen

The sun, moon, wind and water give rise to an abundance of renewable energy, but these sustainable resources produce the majority of their energy in the wrong place and at the wrong time. This is both wasteful and ineffectual. To counter and exploit this GGLS has developed an economic, practical and universally deployable solution to collect, store and distribute this energy in the form of liquid gas. The result is that renewable energy can be available wherever and whenever it is needed.

In addition to efficiently providing clean energy wherever it is required, this imaginative and disruptive proposal also offers significant business opportunities for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and established large users and distributors of fuel. GGLS will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and particulates and lead to a substantial increase in the use of renewable energy, particularly by heavy haulage trucks (HGVs) which are the greatest individual polluters.

This highly innovative project offers an early deployable means of transporting, storing and dispensing gas in gaseous or liquefied form. The thinking behind our system goes back over 50 years, while the enabling technology has been developed as a result of the last 10 years of dedicated intensive research, and is based on innovative, environmentally friendly, sustainably produced and recyclable lightweight composite tanks. These tanks hold over 50% more energy than conventional similar containers of transportable size at comparable pressures, and are constructed to collect, store, transport and then dispense liquid or compressed gas such as biomethane (CH4 as LNG or CNG from the processing of organic materials), Hydrogen (H2 from the electrolysis of rain water), Nitrogen (N2 from the air) and carbon dioxide (CO2 generated during the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes or brewing and arising as the result of carbon capture from industrial processes). The LNG, CNG and H2 can be used as renewable transport fuels or as energy for heating or cooling or making electricity, while N2 is used for powering refrigeration, and CO2 is required for over 20 different applications.

GGLS solution for the provision of clean renewable energy is founded on the use of these innovative composite tanks which are transported, either individually or in multiples of four to completely fill a standard ISO shipping container by sea, rail or road, to any container handling port and then transferred to van class transport for local delivery to the desired location where the energy is required. When used as part of a gas vehicle refuelling station or to maintain the feed to a local gas grid or industrial process, the design of these tanks ensures a safe, and efficient continuous energy supply.

The simplicity of GGLS system and this approach offers significant business opportunities for SMEs and also for existing large companies in the gaseous fuel industry whilst, at the same time, reducing greenhouse gas and particulate emissions and increasing the adoption and use of renewable energy, notably in the transport, industrial and domestic energy sectors, but also in developing countries and to provide instant power to produce electricity and heat in disaster relief situations where these lightweight tanks and gensets can be delivered by helicopter or van to remote areas where heavy trucks could not not access.